Focusing on Hamas as a crucial actor of the solution to the conflict, he showed that their religion-based ideology was one of the hardest obstacles to overcome. The goal of Hamas is to bring down the state of Israel, and this goal is so sacred it sanctifies the means. Then how do you change the mindset, he asked?
He believes that only the Arab peace initiative and the four conditions it requires can bring peace to the Middle East. The four conditions are the return of the territories captured in 1967, the establishment of Palestinian state, the recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of the Palestinian state and the recognition of the Palestinians’ right to return to their homes.
The Arab initiative, if the European Union led by the UK supported it, could be embraced by Israel and the Palestinians including Hamas without them losing faith and feeling they have to renounce their ideology.
Hamas has shown an unwillingness to cooperate with demands from the international community, but it seems that with new US efforts to push reconciliation, Hamas now has a unique opportunity to join the political process as a recognized party.